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Embrace Dignity marching to Parliament on 26 April to end prostitution through Equality Law

On Wednesday, 26 April, a day before South Africans across the country will celebrate Freedom Day, Embrace Dignity will march to Parliament to deliver a petition to President Jacob Zuma to demand freedom for those still enslaved through prostitution and sex trafficking in this country.

Dubbed the #NoFreeChoiceMeansNoFreedom march, the organisers will hand over a petition that calls on the President to release the South African Law Reform Commission’s (SALRC) final report on Adult Prostitution and enact the Equality Law to end prostitution and sex trafficking in South Africa.

The purpose of the march is to hand over a signed petition and memorandum calling on President Zuma to enact a law that will prevent the oppression of prostituted persons by:

  • Making it a criminal offence to pay a person for sexual acts.
  • Completely decriminalising the sale of sexual acts and providing comprehensive support and services to help survivors exit.
  • Challenging the belief that it is acceptable to treat women and girls as sexual objects by paying them for sexual acts.

But why exactly are we so adamant that the President does this? The answer is simple.

Over the past 20 years, rates of sexual violence have increased in the country. Prostitution is one of the most brutal forms of sexual abuse, which is founded on and perpetuated by patriarchy (systematic unequal power relations between women and men whereby women are systematically disadvantaged and oppressed). Prostitution thrives on men’s sexual entitlement to women and other marginalised groups’ bodies. Current South African law makes the purchase and sale of sexual acts illegal. However, while some police officers are known to arrest and brutalise prostituted persons for loitering, buyers are rarely arrested. The overwhelming majority of those sold in South Africa’s sex trade are South African women and women trafficked from other countries. Reports indicate that prostituted people are beaten, raped, abandoned and isolated. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common. One study found that 75% of a group of prostituted individuals in South Africa reported experiencing symptoms of PTSD.

In light of the need to address the harms of the sex trade, the South African Law Reform Commission published a Discussion Paper on Adult Prostitution and issued a call for public participation in the evaluation of the country’s law on “adult prostitution”. The Commission evaluated four major legal frameworks and submitted the final report and recommendations to the Minister of Justice who will publish the report after its consideration by the Cabinet.

We are calling on the South African government to enact the fourth legal option or the Equality Law model, also known as the Swedish or Nordic Models. The Equality Law model provides a framework that upholds gender equality and human rights. This model works to end demand for paid sexual acts by holding those who purchase sex accountable for the harm they cause. This model also mandates that the government provide prostituted individuals with comprehensive medical services, economic and educational opportunities, and alternative livelihood programmes.

In addition, it will serve as a tool to change the pervasive cultural paradigm that views women and other marginalised bodies as second-class citizens. This option would also provide an effective and comprehensive framework for combatting the spread of HIV/AIDS through targeting and eliminating the demand.

By enacting the Equality Law model, the South African government will affirm that women, girls and marginalised people are full human beings and not commodities to be bought, sold, abused and violated at the will of exploiters and those who purchase sex. We urge the South African government to affirm that women and girls are full human beings and not commodities to be bought, sold, abused and violated at the will of exploiters and those who purchase sex.

South Africa must NOT legalise or decriminalise the sex trade that destroys the lives and human rights of its most vulnerable populations who have absence of choice. We urge South Africa to become the first African country to adopt a law that will solely decriminalise prostituted people and curb the demand for prostitution.

If you believe in our cause, you can join as in person at the march:

WHEN: Wednesday, 26 April 2017
TIME: 10:00 – 14:00
WHERE: Cape Town CBD, starting from Keizersgracht Street parking lot, below CPUT

If you can’t join us in person on the day, you can still show your support for Embrace Dignity – who is supported in its endeavours by the international organisation, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women – by signing our petition urgently calling on President Zuma and the South African government to enact the Equality Model legislation that will target the exploiters, including those who purchase sex, while providing protection and support to prostituted individuals.

MAKE YOUR VOICE HEARD BY SIGNING OUR PETITION ONLINE.

Most importantly, remember to follow us on Twitter and to tag us by using our main hashtag #NoFreeChoiceMeansNoFreedom and any of the other hashtags: #ProstitutionIsOppression, #EndProstitution, #EqualityLaw and #Nordic Law.  You are also welcome to follow all the live action on Facebook by liking our page.

If you want to know more about our NGO, click here.

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Decriminalizing Prostitution In South Africa: A Recipe to Extinguish the Legacy of Sara Baartman

Decriminalizing Prostitution In South Africa: A Recipe to Extinguish the Legacy of Sara Baartman

The spirit of Saartjie “Sara” Baartman runs deep in South Africa. In the early 19th century, a Dutch farmer near Cape Town enslaved Sara and, a few years later, a British doctor took her to Europe. A KhoiKhoi woman with protuberant buttocks and genitalia the British deemed proof of an over-sexualized being, Sara was branded a freak of nature and exhibited in London’s Piccadilly Circus. After the novelty wore off, Sara’s owners prostituted her and showcased her in rich Parisian homes, inviting guests to touch her naked body as entertainment. Sara died of alcohol-induced and other illnesses at age 26.

Today, a handful of South African centers serving women survivors of abuse are named after Sara Baartman. They struggle to meet immeasurable needs in a country with one of the world’s highest rates of sexual violence. South Africa has strong domestic violence and sexual offences laws, yet the rate of gender-based violence has exponentially increased in the past twenty years. Human rights organizations call South Africa the “rape capital“ of the world. This tragic classification does not include women and girls purchased in the sex trade.

Prostitution, one of the most brutal forms of male-perpetrated sexual abuse, is illegal in South Africa. While corrupt police are known to arrest and brutalize the women for loitering, buyers of sexual acts are rarely arrested.

The South African Law Commission is about to publish recommendations for reforming the law on prostitution. The Commission will advise the government on which of the three major legal frameworks to adopt: maintain the total criminalization of what it calls “adult prostitution”; decriminalize or legalize the sex trade, including pimping and sex-purchasing; or choose the “Equality Model,” which only decriminalizes prostituted individuals. France recently enacted the Equality Model, holding sex buyers accountable for the harm they cause while offering comprehensive services to prostituted women.

Among the South African organizations supporting the Equality Model is Embrace Dignity, a grassroots non-profit in Cape Town that advocates for the rights and safety of trafficked and prostituted women and girls, who are victims of a lethal mix of dire poverty, the low status of girls, and abuse of power. With its allies, the group is urging the government to adopt a law promoting principles of equality, protection and dignity enshrined in the South African constitution.

A few miles from the breathtaking splendor of quasi white-only neighborhoods and the golden coast of Cape Town is Khayelitsha, an impoverished shantytown, where most of Embrace Dignity’s clients or “sisters” live. There I met Zanele*, a shy but resolute sex trade survivor who works with Embrace Dignity.

“What I wanted was go to school and get skills to make a living,” said Zanele who is now 22 and was sex trafficked at 16 years old, a status that did not melt away when she came of legal age. “Everyone who sells her body has to take drugs or alcohol to do it. It’s not a job and if prostitution becomes legal here, it means your daughters will do it too.”

Sex buyers are the bedrock of the highly profitable sex trade; without them the sordid multi-billion dollar business would collapse and sex traffickers would have no place to park its prey.

Also, while the Commission presupposes severe penalties for those who commercially sexually exploit children, it excepts adult prostitution. How will the government identify “adult prostitution?” Will there be protocols asking prostituted women their age of entry into the sex trade, histories of childhood sexual abuse and whether they have pimp-boyfriends? What systems will be developed to discern 17 year-old sex-trafficked children from 18 year-old “consensual ‘sex workers’”? Will these procedures include nightly brothel checks for identification? If so, South Africa would quickly find that the percentage of those who truly “consent” to prostitution is infinitesimal. Minimal research on the horrors unfolding in countries that have either legalized or decriminalized the sex trade would enlighten the government about the true meaning of “consent” to prostitution.

“Women die at the hands of their buyers, the police and their pimps,” said Soraya Mentoor, executive director of Embrace Dignity. “I fear witnessing an increased number of coffins built if the South African government legalizes prostitution; sexual violence will be for sale with impunity.”

The British abolitionists who campaigned for Sara Baartman’s freedom faced many of the same challenges presented today in addressing sex trafficking and prostitution. Sara traveled to Europe of her own free will, people said. She testified in court in her trafficker’s favor, a trauma-triggered response that probably prolonged her ordeal. Instead of accepting the sex trade as an inexorable component of society, we must rip apart the poisonous recipe that colonizes both the earth and women’s bodies: I see, I want, I invade, I own. And when prostitution is involved: I justify as inevitable.

Today, from Washington, D.C. to Nairobi, increasing calls for a free market approach to the sex trade willfully ignore the deaths and unspeakable harms suffered by prostituted people at the hands of sex buyers and exploiters. Like the voyeurs at Piccadilly Circus, we are applauding or silently accepting the commodification of women’s bodies, indifferent to their stories of despair and brutality.

President Nelson Mandela succeeded in repatriating Sara Baartman’s remains almost 200 years after her traffickers first sold her and stripped her of her human dignity. In Sara’s memory, South Africa must urgently provide its forgotten daughters with viable alternatives to the sex trade and teach its sons about harmful masculinities. It has the opportunity to become the first African country to adopt an Equality Model, recognizing that prostitution destroys lives and human rights. As Madiba once said, “Freedom cannot be achieved unless women have been emancipated from all forms of oppression.”

We hope South Africa heeds his wisdom.

*Not her real name

 

This article was first published in the Huffington Post at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/taina-bienaime/decriminalizing-prostitut_b_10693526.html? and it is republished here with the permission of the author.

 

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Building on our 2016 successes

We were involved in a range of exciting initiatives in 2016 and accomplished much in last year. Along the way we learned many lessons as we strived towards the goals we set at the beginning of the year alongside fellow staff and Board members, Sister Survivors, stakeholders and friends all over the world. We will continue to apply these lessons as we build on what we have learned in 2017.

In March 2016, our former Executive Director, Soraya Mentoor, was invited to serve on a panel organised by the Coalition for the Abolition of Prostitution (CAP International) at the Commission on the Status of

We were involved in a range of exciting initiatives in 2016 and accomplished much in last year. Along the way we learned many lessons as we strived towards the goals we set at the beginning of the year alongside fellow staff and Board members, Sister Survivors, stakeholders and friends all over the world. We will continue to apply these lessons as we build on what we have learned in 2017.

In March 2016, our former Executive Director, Soraya Mentoor, was invited to serve on a panel organised by the Coalition for the Abolition of Prostitution (CAP International) at the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW60), held in New York City in the United States. Mentoor, along with Ruchira Gupta (Founder and President of Apne Aap Women Worldwide in India) and Zoya Rouhana (Founder and Director of KAFA in Lebanon) shared the extent of sexual exploitation of women and girls in their respective countries and regions during this trip.

In the months that followed, we successfully completed the last phase of our Exit Programme. We are currently in the process of collating all the data, which will inform the comprehensive Exit Model we are creating. The Model is a tool that can be used as a reference or guideline for other organisations or government departments aiming to implement exit strategies for women in prostitution or sex trafficking. We plan to share the Model with our government with the hopes that an Exit Programme will be incorporated into the legislation governing Adult Prostitution, no matter what model is implemented in this country.

After our mid-year review in June 2016, we embarked on our new Strategic Plan, which guides Embrace Dignity in its quest to become the leading voice in South Africa advocating for the Equality Model to be adopted by our President, Mr Jacob Zuma.

In this regard, we have:

  • Secured dates to train members of parliament in the four different legal frameworks in late February 2017.
  • Held meetings in Parliament with the Chairperson of the Multi-Party Women’s Caucus to introduce the Equality Model Law.

In early November 2016, Embrace Dignity and Equality Now Kenya hosted a four-day conference to look at emerging legislative measures to combat sex trafficking. This was held at the Lagoon Beach Hotel in Cape Town, South Africa. This unique gathering brought together professionals and activists from eight African countries working to end sex trafficking and prostitution in Africa.

“One of the objectives of the meeting was to identify ongoing law reform initiatives in different countries regarding sex trafficking and prostitution, and to foster collaborations and partnerships between participants with the aim of identifying shared objectives to address sex trafficking and prostitution in select countries in Africa,” says Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge, Executive Director of Embrace Dignity.

The most visible accomplishment of 2016 was the launch of our Survivor Initiatives. Through this initiative, we were able to support Sister Survivor, Grizelda Grootboom, who completed and launched her book, EXIT!, in early February. EXIT! has been well-received by the public with Grootboom’s story shared on and in various media (TV, radio and print). During 2016 she also completed a contract with the Gauteng Department of Health where she was involved with their 16 Days of Activism for No Violence Against Women and Children campaign.

Mickey Meji, an experienced activist who previously worked for SWEAT, is also being supported by Embrace Dignity while she establishes her non-profit organisation, Survivor Empowerment and Support Programme (SESP). At the same time, Meji is in the process of also initiating a survivor movement called Kwanele, which will be spearheaded by Sister Survivors. To this end, she facilitated a four-day workshop to mobilise Sister Survivors and to educate them about the four different legal frameworks which are: total criminalisation (the status quo in South Africa), non-criminalisation (also known as total decriminalisation), legalisation and partial decriminalisation (pioneered in Sweden and also known as the Nordic or Equality Model).

A third Sister has launched an online funding initiative for a much-needed Dignity House which will serve as a transitional shelter for people wishing to exit prostitution. She has also secured a contract with the City of Cape Town to conduct workshops to raise awareness about prostitution at various Cape Town schools in 2017.

On 25 November, Embrace Dignity hosted an event which included a panel discussion focused on the ongoing trauma experienced by women wishing to exit prostitution. Val Kadalie, CEO of City Mission, and Madlala-Routledge were joined by Nomathamsanqa Thema Tsilite (Survivor) and Sibusiso Banda (a former inmate who now heads up City Mission’s Ex-Offender Programme) in this discussion.
Vera Qwesha, the author of My Journey: From Grass to Grace also shared her own exit journey. Her book has been hailed as an ‘inspiration and a warning’ by Independent Online (IOL) and tells the story of her transformation from a life of prostitution and drugs to that of a motivational speaker and successful businesswoman.

On the same day, we also launched our new website, which will help us to engage more effectively with all our stakeholders, and unveiled our more modern-looking logo. This is the logo that you will now see on all our branded materials in future.

Following Mentoor’s departure, Madlala-Routledge returned to Embrace Dignity in October to once again take the lead at organisation.

“We ended off the year by launching our #IAmNot4Sale campaign as well as garnering support for changes to the laws governing prostitution through a petition which we will handover to President Zuma as soon as we have gathered enough support,” explained Madlala-Routledge.

“With the success of our Exit Programme, and the launch of various new strategies, projects and initiatives in 2016, last year proved to be a truly successful year for Embrace Dignity. As we look at all the exciting things we have lined up for 2017, we are positive that we will have yet another successful year in which our efforts to positively change the lives of people in prostitution will reap great returns again.”

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Meet our volunteer: Movern Magari

Embrace Dignity volunteer, Movern Magari, recently joined our team to assist with our Survivor Initiative Programme. Magari completed a degree in Women’s Studies and Independent Studies at Lancaster University in London. She has recently been involved with organising the Feminism in London conference, which advocates for equality for women, with particular emphasis on survivors of prostitution. Magari believes passionately in the rights of women to lead a free and equal life in the eyes of the law, and works consistently and conscientiously to this end. Before becoming a mother, Magari worked in catering and hotel management. She has experienced firsthand the prejudice and unfair treatment of mothers seeking custody orders and the removal of parental rights when sexual abuse is not believed or taken seriously by the courts. Magari has also worked as a personal assistant to people living with spinal injuries and other disabilities.

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Meet our intern: Ntebaleng Morake

Embrace Dignity has appointed intern Ntebaleng Morake, a black radical feminist committed to the dismantling of racial, gendered, classed, sexed and various other intersecting oppressions, to our organisation. Morake holds a Bachelor of Social Science degree in International Relations, Public Policy and Administration, and Gender Studies from the University of Cape Town (UCT). She also recently completed her Bachelor of Social Science Honours degree in Gender and Transformation at the African Gender Institute at UCT. Morake has spoken on intersectional feminism and human rights on numerous platforms, both locally and internationally. This includes speaking at the African Union Commission on the theme African Year for Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women. She will serve as an intern in the Embrace Dignity Advocacy Unit and the Media Unit and fulfilll the duties of a Professional Assistant to the Executive Director of Embrace Dignity as part of her internship.

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Meet our Board

Embrace Dignity held our first board meeting of the year on the 17th of January and at the same time welcomed the newest additions to our Board. They have already started boosting the work we do and we are excited to introduce you to them. Below are some of our old and new board members at the January meeting: From the left are Ms Marthe Muller, Ms Akuol De Mabior, Dr Despina Learmonth, Ms Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge and Ms Micheline Muzaneza. Unfortunately some of our Board members, Mss Nandi Vanqa-Mgijima and Nozipho Dube, were unable to join us for our first meeting.

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Embrace Dignity shares expertise on activism to end prostitution

On the 9th of January 2017, the Embrace Dignity staff returned to the office ready to continue their work to increase activism to end prostitution and to work with other feminist organisations focused on law reform advocacy and public education aimed at eliminating prostitution, human trafficking and violence against women and other marginalised people. To act on these objectives, we co-hosted a delegation from Iona College in the United States with the Edmund Rice Justice Desk in Cape Town. Iona College has a strong tradition of social involvement which, amongst others, includes immersion experiences for their students in other countries. During this session, which allowed us to strengthen our international relations with a higher education institution, Embrace Dignity spoke to the delegation about the work we do, followed by a question and answer session.

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Visit Our Page

Our year has begun with a huge bang. Come and visit us on our new website. CAP International is hosting the second abolitionist congress in New Delhi, India

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Embrace Dignity calls on South African government to end prostitution

Ngo Calls On South Africa To Become The First African Country To End Prostitution And Sex Trafficking Through New Law

Equality Law proposed by Embrace Dignity will eliminate prostitution and sex trafficking and is needed to end violence against women and girls beyond 16 Days of Activism

For Embrace Dignity, a South African feminist and human rights NGO based in Woodstock, the realities that vulnerable women and young girls face every day as they are prostituted and trafficked on the streets of South Africa, necessitates action that extends far beyond the 16 Days of Activism for No Violence Against Women and Children each year.

Prostitution is one of the most brutal forms of male-perpetrated sexual abuse and thrives on men’s entitlement to women’s bodies. Current South African law makes the purchase and sale of sexual acts illegal, however, while some police officers are known to arrest and brutalise prostituted women for loitering, buyers are rarely arrested.

For these reasons, Embrace Dignity is advocating for an Equality Law that is  based on the Nordic Model – which criminalises the purchaser of sex and decriminalises the seller – but also recognises the South African context of poverty, unemployment, poor education, violence against women and a high drop-out rate amongst learners.

Statistics show that the overwhelming majority of those sold in South Africa’s sex trade are local women and women trafficked from other countries. Police incident reports indicate that women in prostitution are often beaten, raped, abandoned and isolated. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common. A study conducted amongst a group of prostituted individuals in South Africa found that 75% of the women in that group reported experiencing symptoms of PTSD.

“Passing the Equality Law to end prostitution is only the beginning of a greater shift that needs to happen within South African society, where the stigma and accountability must shift from prostituted people to their abusers and where the law must target the demand, realising that if there is no demand there is no business. We cannot prosper as a country while women and girls remain in bondage,” explains Nozizwe Madlala-Routledge, a former Deputy Minister of both Health and Defence and the Founder and Executive Director of Embrace Dignity.

“We actively pursue and support a law on prostitution in South Africa that recognises that prostitution is a form of violence against women, that it undermines gender equality and ends up perpetuating patriarchy. This is why we are advocating for the Equality Law. ,” explains Madlala-Routledge.

Over the years, Embrace Dignity has helped women exit prostitution by referring them for counselling, offering them skills training opportunities, providing them with small business development support and connecting them with education providers to access study opportunities. They have also offered assistance to survivors by supporting them to establish initiatives like the Survivor Empowerment and Support Programme (SESP) and by building a survivor network called Arise.

One of those women who have been supported by Embrace Dignity, is Grizelda Grootboom, the author of EXIT, a book that depicts her ordeal as a prostituted and trafficked person in Johannesburg over a period of 12 years. Grootboom’s story, which was published by Jacana in 2015, has put a face to an often hidden “industry” operating in the shadows of society. Currently, Grizelda works as a public education and motivational speaker for the Gauteng Department of Health and in Advocacy and Public Education for Embrace Dignity. But more than a decade ago, she found herself being trafficked by a friend whom she had trusted.

Carted between her mother’s home, shelters and orphanages while growing up, Grootboom found herself on the streets at 18 after being asked to leave the shelter she lived in as  she was now considered an adult by the state.

“I was desperate to find work and a place to stay and my friend offered me a chance to do that. There were no signs that she would misuse me and that is the most painful part when I think about it.”

When they arrived at her friend’s apartment, she told Grootboom to stay put while she popped out to get them something to eat. A few minutes later, Grootboom found herself surrounded by a group of men who started kicking and punching her and eventually took turns raping her.

“At first, I thought the house was being robbed, but then, when it continued for days and my friend did not come home, I started feeling like I deserved it because of the life I had lived on the streets, where you needed to be tough and hard to survive.”

While Grootboom had lived on the streets for a while, she had never sold her body in exchange for money. However, her story of neglect, abuse and violence started long before she arrived in Johannesburg.

As a child, she grew up in District Six and then Woodstock, but later found herself on the streets. Not too long after, she moved to Khayelitsha to live with her mom who at the time was living with her boyfriend. In Khayelitsha, Grootboom struggled to overcome the language barrier within her newfound community and had to adapt to walking a distance from her home to use shared ablution facilities. One night while walking home after fetching water, she was gang raped.

For the next few years, she would move between the streets and shelters, leaving whenever the house mother would mistreat her and spending time with the local gangsters, who she says at least offered her protection. Soon she was using drugs to get by in this harsh world.

Her ordeal in Johannesburg many years later, would however catapult her into a ruthless world where women are treated worse than second-class citizens. First she was locked up in a room where men would come in throughout the day and do whatever they pleased with her. Soon after, she was moved to the streets during the day to sell her body and locked up in brothels at night, where she was made to have sex with men for money for over three years. In that time she was also moved from province to province, but always under the watchful eyes of the pimps who owned her.  At 26, she was living in Port Elizabeth under the control of a madam, who owned a brothel in this city. It is here where she fell pregnant and started envisioning a different life for herself.

“I was pregnant with a baby girl, who I decided to call Summer. I chose the name, because I used to walk out of a brothel or a hotel in the early hours of the morning after being subjected to the most horrible things and watch the sun rise and feel the warmth of the sun on my skin and think to myself, this was a new day, I could change my life.”

Her pregnancy did not offer her any reprieve – she was still expected to prostitute her body – but she became determined to find a way out. At six months pregnant that hope was shattered when she was drugged and her baby forcibly removed by her madam.

“When I woke up, I saw her lying in some rags – she had died. This little person, who had become a symbol of the possibility of a new life, who was supposed to give me life again, she was gone. That was when I finally felt that they could do whatever they wanted with me. I was done.”

The next day, she was sent back to the streets and spent four years building up the capacity and support network to leave.

One of the biggest misconceptions, says Grootboom, is that people often think that prostituted persons want to remain on the streets. Leaving means evading pimps, uprooting yourself and often those who are supposed to protect the vulnerable end up violating them even more.

“The most violence I’ve experienced has been within the system itself – being kicked out of a shelter when I could not take care of myself as yet, getting locked up because you stole Sunlight soap at Shoprite to wash yourself or being forced to drive in a police van with other men and women and being told that the only way for you to get out of jail, was to give one of the policemen a blowjob.”

As part of our commitment to end the kind of violence that many women like Grootboom are exposed to on a daily basis,  Embrace Dignity will launch the 16 Days of Activism for No Violence Against Women and Children by:

  • Mobilising support for a petition calling on President Jacob Zuma to enact the Equality Model Law to end prostitution and sex trafficking.
  • Hosting a launch of a book by Vera Qwesha, a survivor of prostitution.
  • Hosting a dialogue between a transformed former inmate and a survivor of prostitution.

Sharing the work that we do in support of women who wish to exit prostitution.

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